BMW X3 Service & Repair Manual: Repair techniques, repair stage 3

Repairs that are carried out by bonding and riveting with the use of a straightening bench or welding.

Repair techniques

  • Straightening structure
  • STRAIGHTENING ALUMINUM COMPONENTS ON THE STRUCTURE
  • STRAIGHTENING STEEL COMPONENTS ON THE STRUCTURE
  • Removing used part
  • OPENING WELDED CONNECTIONS
  • OPENING BRAZED CONNECTIONS
  • OPENING RIVET CONNECTIONS
  • OPENING BONDED CONNECTIONS
  • GRINDING ALUMINUM COMPONENTS
  • GRINDING STEEL COMPONENTS
  • Sectional repair
  • WELDING IN REINFORCEMENT PLATE (SHEET STEEL)
  • Sectional repair (steel) with repair element
    Sectional repair (aluminum) with repair element
  • Installing new part
  • Welding aluminum components
  • WELDING STEEL COMPONENTS
  • SPOT-WELD BONDING STEEL COMPONENTS
  • SOLDERING STEEL COMPONENTS
  • Notes on consumables .
  • NOTES ON ADHESIVE
  • Bonding aluminum on steel
  • BONDING STEEL ON STEEL
  • BLIND RIVETS
  • PUNCH RIVETS
  • Cavity sealing .
  • EMC SCREWS
    Repair techniques, repair stage 2
    Repairs that are carried out by bonding and riveting and/or welded with MAG welder without the use of a straightening bench. Repair techniques R ...

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